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Outstanding Scientific Achievements of the ITMO Scientists

Prototype of the Modern Personal Computer

 

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Sergei Arturovich

Izenbeck

(1883 - 1962)


Sergei Arturovich Izenbeck was an Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation, a professor at ITMO and one of the founders of computer science in the USSR.

In 1923, under his leadership a new design and engineering office specializing in the development of fire control devices was started at the “Krasnaja Zarja” plant.

Izenbek together with the specialists of the “Electropribor” and the Kulakov plants developed the theory of fire control and applied it to designing a variety of devices for special applications. 

In 1958, the first computer for calculating engineering tasks “Litmo-1” was developed by the Department of Calculating Devices lead by Izenbek.  The computer consisted of 2,000 electronic lamps. It performed 100 operations a second and had memory on a magnetic drum of up to 1,204 words.

«ЛИТМО-1» (1958) была первой универсальной электронной цифровой машиной для инженерных расчетов, содержала 850 электронных ламп, производила 100 операций в секунду и имела 2048 байт памяти

 

Microscope Ruler

 

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Aleksandr Nikolaevich 

Zakharjevski

(1894 - 1965)


Aleksandr Nikolaevich Zakharjevski, Ph.D, was one of the leading specialists in optical rangefinders. He was the founder of several scientific schools of ITMO University, including Scientific Basis for Designing and Adjusting Optoelectronic Devices and Applied And Computational Optics.

Founder of the theory of interferometers and interference microscopes, he focused his research on improving optical glass, particularly during its production and cooling, which helped to drastically improve the final product.

Professor Zakharjevski along with his colleagues developed several new control devices as well as dozens of new microscopes, including biological, universal, polarizing, interference and others.

A high-performance projection collimator for aligning parallel axes of binoculars and control of micrometers, developed under Zakharjevski supervision, found a wide range of industrial applications.

Books by Zakharjevski, including “Military Optical Rangefinders” and “Interferometers” are considered textbooks for students and engineers to this day.

 

Wide-angle Lenses for Aerial Photography

 

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Mikhail Mikhailovich

Rusinov

(1909 - 2004)

 

Mikhail Mikhailovich Rusinov was a famous optics scientist, who made a significant contribution to optical engineering and found international acclaim. He was the author of 152 publications and 22 patents. He was also a long-time member of the Highest Assessment Commission (VAK) and a member of the expert commission of VAK.

Rusinov was the founder of the “Applied and Computational Optics” School and the experimental design bureau “Russar.”

His discoveries include: aberrational vignetting phenomenon (1938), phenomenon of destruction of the projection center (1958), and the existence of second-order aberrations (1986) that changed the scientific view of aberrations.

Optical systems for aerial photography “Russar” found recognition around the world and became the prototype for wide lenses manufactured by global companies. In 1972 he was honored by the French Academy of Sciences and in 1978 he was named the “Best Inventor Geodesist and Cartographer.”

Among his inventions are “Kinorussar” and “Hydrorussar” for cinematic and underwater use, special mirror-lens aperture lenses "Refleksrussar," photogrammetric systems for nuclear physics, and optical systems binoculars “Binorussar.”

In 1955, the entire USSR was mapped for the first time (1:100000) with the Russar lenses.

Первыеширокоугольные объективы для аэросъемки “Лиар-6” и “Руссар-1” (1934, 1935)    

Сверхширокоугольный объектив “Руссар-29”, использованный при картографировании СССР.

Широкоугольный объектив “Руссар-93”для космическоой съемки.



Holography in Reflected Light

 

Jurii Nikolaevich

Denisjuk

(1927-2006)


Jurii Nikolaevich Denisjuk, Ph. D was one of the founders of holography. A member of the Russian Academy of Sciences and a professor at ITMO University, he authored over 240 scientific papers and held 35 patents.

He was among the founders of the “Quantum Optics, Spectroscopy and Holography” school at ITMO. An award-winning scientist, he was honored by numerous international organizations, including SPIE, OSA and the Royal Photographic Society.

One of his most important achievements was the creation and development of several new light-sensitive materials for recording three-dimensional holograms.



 


Computer Methods for Quality Control of Optic Systems

 

Sergei Aronovich

Radionov

(1938 - 2000)


Sergei Aronovich Radionov, Ph.D was one of the leading scientists in applied optics, authoring over 130 papers and 20 inventions.

 He was among the founders of the “Applied and Computational Optics” at ITMO University.

Radionov’s research became the groundwork for developing mathematical and software support for the Soviet Union’s first computer-aided design system Sapr – Optika as well as the Opal software for designing optical systems.

His team worked on the Large Altazimuth Telescope (BTA), the largest optical telescope in Eurasia, with a 6 meter aperture and a single piece glass mirror.

Dozens of research projects were complete under his leadership and organizations around the world appreciated him as a valued partner and professional consultant. His book “Automation of Optical Systems Design” became the textbook for young optics at the end of the 20th century.

Главное зеркало БТА. Фотография сделана на ЛЗОС в 1974 г. БТА, 1976 г.



Russian Federal University Computer Network (RUNNet)

 

Vladimir Nikolaevich

Vasiljev


Vladimir Nikolaevich Vasiljev, Ph.D is the rector (president) of ITMO University, professor, member of the RAN and RAO, and the author over 250 publications and 30 patents.

Most of his research is focused on:

  • Mathematical modeling and technological processes for manufacturing fiber-optic communication systems
  • Research and creation of a global telecommunications system

Research in the first area has led to the development of new processes for manufacturing of the fiber-optics, including a management system with conceptually new sensors and devices. It has also resulted in the development of new methods for increasing the productivity of the fiber-optic communication lines.

Research in the second area has led to the development of RUNNet, the largest nation-wide computer network that connects over 400 universities and research institutes in Russia. RUNNet has broadband 10Gbps connectivity with foreign research and education networks such as GEANTNORDUnet and with Tier-1 operators such as Level 3Tata CommunicationsGlobal CrossingCogent Communications.

RUNNet is directly involved in a lot of international infrastructure and research projects such as GLORIAD (Global Ring for Advanced Applications Development), GEANTLHC (Large Hadron Collider) Computing Grid and others. The resources of RUNNet are widely used by other Russian research and education networks such as RASnet (Russian Academy of Science Network), RBNet (Russian Backbone Network), RUHEP (Russian High Energy Physics Network), RSSI (Russian Space Science Internet) and others.

RUNNet is a hosting provider and a developer of infrastructure solutions of major information systems for science and education in Russia such as federal educational portals, digital libraries and repositories of open educational resources.